Educational Strands for Senior High Students

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A thriving and prosperous career often depends on the quality of education you receive. And in a 2019 survey by Payscale, nearly two-thirds of participants regret some aspects of their educational path. That’s why it is best to be as informed as possible before making a choice.

In the Philippines, many academic strands are available for senior high students. Each has its benefits and drawbacks, so learning about them is crucial to ensure you make the best decision for your future. Here is a brief overview of some of the most popular academic strands in the Philippines:

Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL) Track

The TVL track is ideal for students who want to learn practical skills that can lead to a specific trade or occupation. It’s a non-academic path, so the courses don’t primarily focus on theory. It offers a practical application in agriculture, hospitality, and information and communications technology courses.

This path is perfect for students who know what they want to do after graduation. It provides them with the skills and knowledge they need to start their career right away. Many students in the TVL track go on to become mechanics, chefs, computer technicians, and more.

If you’re interested in the TVL track, remember that it isn’t for everyone. The courses are particular, meaning you won’t have a lot of flexibility after graduation. So before enrolling in this track, you must be sure it’s the right path for you.

Academic Track

An academic track is necessary for students who want to pursue higher education after junior high school. It focuses on theoretical knowledge and prepares students for college. The courses in this track are further available in four strands: mathematics and sciences, humanities and social sciences, general academic, and technical-vocational-livelihood.

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)

STEM strand is for mathematics, the sciences, and technology students. It provides a strong foundation in these subjects, preparing students for college majors and careers in these fields. The courses in this strand include biology, chemistry, physics, and computer science.

Different STEM strand jobs are in demand in the Philippines and across the globe. With this strand, you can become an engineer, a doctor, a mathematician, or a physicist. Other job options include working in research and development, as well as in the information technology industry.

Aside from career opportunities, the STEM strand also offers high salaries. Many of the highest-paying jobs in the Philippines are in STEM occupations. So, if you want a head start on a prosperous career, this is the strand for you.

Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS)

This strand is for students who want to pursue careers in the social sciences, humanities, and education. It provides a well-rounded education, with courses in English, Filipino, literature, history, and more.

This strand is recommended for students who want to pursue a career in teaching, social work, or government service. With a HUMSS education, you’ll be well-equipped with the skills you need to succeed in these fields. You’ll also develop strong communication and critical thinking skills.

While the HUMSS strand doesn’t offer the same high salaries as the STEM strand, it’s still an excellent option for students who want to pursue a career in the social sciences.

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Accounting, Business, and Management (ABM)

Students who aspire to be future business leaders will find the ABM strand the perfect fit. It offers a comprehensive education in business, accounting, and management. The courses in this strand include economics, marketing, financial management, and human resource development.

With an ABM education, you’ll have the skills to start your own business or take on a leadership role in a company. You can also pursue a career in accounting, finance, or sales. You’re on your way to a successful and rewarding career by choosing this educational strand.

General Academic Strand (GAS)

The GAS strand is a versatile academic track that provides a broad education. It’s ideal for students who want to keep their options open after graduation. The courses in this strand include English, Filipino, mathematics, social sciences, and natural sciences.

If you want to pursue a career in the liberal arts or sciences, you’ll have the skills and knowledge you need to succeed with a GAS education. You’ll also be able to apply to a wide range of colleges and universities.


The above are the most common educational strands for senior high school students. Now that you know more about each strand, it’s time to decide which one is right for you. Think about your future goals and career aspirations. Consider your strengths and interests. With this information in mind, you’ll be able to choose the strand that will help you achieve your dreams.

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